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Everything You Need to Ace Organic Chemistry

Chad makes Organic Chemistry understandable. Instead of merely memorizing reactions you'll actually understand the basic principles of chemical reactivity, and Organic Chemistry will simply begin to make sense.

  • 225 Video Lessons Covering 22 Chapters of Organic Chemistry

  • 60 Quizzes and 3 Practice Final Exams (Over 800 Questions)

  • Over 200 Video Solutions (and counting)

  • A Comprehensive 160-page Set of Outlines

  • In-Lesson Discussions

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“I couldn't ask for a better study resource for general and organic chemistry. Believe me I took these two courses with the best professor at my university and I got straight A+ in both courses. Chad's videos are very clear, straightforward, and informative. His lectures are professional but super easy to follow and understand along with the help from the chat forum. However if you want a quick respond from him, I suggest you to send him an email. He would try his best to help you fully understand the materials. I highly recommend you buy a subscription, which is super cheap comparing to other resources, to help you practice after each videos. I find it very helpful. ”

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“This course has been a phenomenal help! The way you explain the concepts makes them easy to understand and remember because your goal is understanding. The many examples throughout the lecture helps solidify the concepts, as do the practice questions. Although Organic Chem is a subject that tends to fly over my head (and at least a few others), you do well in not making it complicated, but rather simplify it and ease students in understanding this foreign language. In terms of function and aesthetics, the website is great! Une grande aide! Much thanks! ”

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Instructor

Course curriculum

  • 01

    Intro, Outlines, and Handouts

  • 04

    Chapter 3 - Acids and Bases

    • Chapter 3 Outlines

    • Chapter 3 Slides

    • 3.1 Introduction to Acids and Bases (9:01)

    • 3.2 Ranking Bases (14:51)

    • 3.3 Ranking Acids (8:28)

    • Acids and Bases (17 Questions)

    • Acids and Bases Quiz Extra Practice (15 Questions)

  • 05

    Chapter 4 - Alkanes

    • Chapter 4 Outlines

    • Chapter 4 Part 1 Slides - Nomenclature of Alkanes

    • Chapter 4 Part 2 Slides - Constitutional Isomers and Conformations of Alkanes

    • 4.1a Nomenclature of Alkanes (15:32)

    • 4.1b Nomenclature of CycloAlkanes (8:20)

    • 4.1c Systematic Nomenclature of Complex Substituents (4:22)

    • 4.1d Common Names of Complex Substituents (7:52)

    • Nomenclature (12 Questions)

    • 4.1e Nomenclature of Bicyclic Compounds (5:44)

    • Nomenclature of Bicyclic Compounds (5 Questions)

    • 4.2 Drawing Constitutional Isomers (6:18)

    • 4.3 Newman Projections (8:20)

    • 4.4 Cycloalkanes and Cyclohexane Chair Conformations (22:38)

    • Conformations of Alkanes (12 Questions)

  • 06

    Chapter 5 - Isomers and Stereochemistry

    • Chapter 5 Outlines

    • Chapter 5 Slides

    • 5.1 Overview of Isomerism (7:23)

    • 5.2 Chiral Centers and Chirality (5:22)

    • 5.3 Absolute Configurations - Assigning R and S (14:46)

    • Absolute Configurations (4 Questions)

    • 5.4 Molecules with Multiple Chiral Centers (15:15)

    • Introduction to Isomers and Stereochemistry (6 Questions)

    • 5.5 Fischer Projections (6:13)

    • 5.6 Determining the Relationship Between a Pair of Molecules (6:43)

    • Isomeric Relationships Between Molecules (12 Questions)

    • 5.7 Amine Inversion and Chiral Molecules Without Chiral Centers (5:23)

    • 5.8 Optical Activity (7:39)

  • 07

    Chapter 6 - Introduction to Organic Reactions and Mechanisms

    • Chapter 6 Outlines

    • Chapter 6 Slides

    • 6.1 Reaction Enthalpies and Bond Dissociation Energies (6:11)

    • 6.2 Entropy, Gibbs Free Energy, and the Equilibrium Constant (9:43)

    • 6.3 The Kinetics of Organic Reactions (4:41)

    • 6.4 Nucleophiles, Electrophiles, and Intermediates (5:43)

    • 6.5 Reaction Mechanisms and Curved Arrow Pushing (7:11)

  • 08

    Chapter 7 - Substitution and Elimination Reactions of Alkyl Halides

    • Chapter 7 Outlines

    • Chapter 7 Part 1 Slides

    • Chapter 7 Part 2 Slides

    • 7.1a Introduction to SN2 Reactions (9:14)

    • 7.1b Factors Affecting SN2 Reactions (11:39)

    • 7.2a Introduction to SN1 Reactions (4:44)

    • 7.2b Carbocation Rearrangements in SN1 Reactions (8:29)

    • 7.2c Racemization in SN1 Reactions (1:36)

    • 7.2d Factors Affecting SN1 Reactions (4:50)

    • 7.3 Unreactivity of Vinyl and Aryl Halides (2:08)

    • 7.4 Predicting the Products of Substitution Reactions (18:04)

    • Substitution Reactions (18 Questions)

    • 7.5 Nomenclature of Alkenes (15:17)

    • Nomenclature of Alkenes (3 Questions)

    • 7.6 Stability of Alkenes (2:17)

    • 7.7a Introduction to E2 Elimination Reactions (6:41)

    • 7.7b Exceptions to Zaitsev's Rule for E2 Reactions (8:37)

    • 7.7c The Stereospecificity of E2 Reactions -- Anti-periplanar (10:40)

    • 7.8 Introduction to E1 Elimination Reactions (4:54)

    • 7.9 Predicting the Products of Elimination Reactions (10:01)

    • 7.10 Distinguishing Between Substitution and Elimination Reactions (16:52)

    • Elimination Reactions (9 Questions)

    • Distinguishing Between Substitution and Elimination Reactions (6 Questions)

    • SN1 and SN2 Reactions (1:13:40)

  • 09

    Chapter 8 - Addition Reactions to Alkenes

    • Chapter 8 Outlines

    • Chapter 8 Slides

    • 8.1 Introduction to Alkene Addition Reactions (3:59)

    • 8.2 Hydrohalogenation (5:06)

    • Hydrohalogenation (7 Questions)

    • 8.3a Hydration -- Acid-Catalyzed Hydration (3:24)

    • 8.3b Hydration -- Oxymercuration-Demercuration (6:06)

    • 8.3c Hydration -- Hydroboration-Oxidation (4:13)

    • Hydration of Alkenes (6 Questions)

    • 8.4a Acid-Catalyzed Addition of an Alcohol (2:24)

    • 8.4b Alkoxymercuration-Demercuration (1:14)

    • Addition of Alcohols (3 Questions)

    • 8.5 Catalytic Hydrogenation (3:16)

    • Catalytic Hydrogenation (2 Questions)

    • 8.6a Halogenation (3:54)

    • 8.6b Halohydrin Formation (3:19)

    • Addition of Br2 and Cl2 (7 Questions)

    • 8.7a Anti-Dihydroxylation (4:11)

    • 8.7b Syn-Dihydroxylation (2:39)

    • Epoxidation and Dihydroxylation (5 Questions)

    • 8.8 Predicting the Products of Alkene Addition Reactions (10:17)

    • 8.9 Oxidative Cleavage -- Ozonolysis and Permanganate Cleavage (4:48)

    • Oxidative Cleavage (4 Questions)

    • Alkenes Quiz Extra Practice (20 Questions)

  • 10

    Chapter 9 - Alkynes

    • Chapter 9 Outlines

    • Chapter 9 Slides

    • 9.1 Nomenclature of Alkynes (3:47)

    • Nomenclature of Alkynes (2 Questions)

    • 9.2 Acidity of Alkynes (2:31)

    • Acidity of Alkynes (2 Questions)

    • 9.3 Preparation of Alkynes (2:57)

    • 9.4 Reduction of Alkynes (6:00)

    • Reduction of Alkynes (5 Questions)

    • 9.5 Introduction to Addition Reactions of Alkynes (2:18)

    • 9.6 Hydrohalogenation (3:16)

    • Hydrohalogenation (5 Questions)

    • 9.7 Halogenation (1:34)

    • Halogenation (2 Questions)

    • 9.8a Acid-Catalyzed Hydration (4:09)

    • 9.8b Hydroboration-Oxidation (5:06)

    • 9.8c Keto-Enol Tautomerization (3:57)

    • Hydration of Alkynes (3 Questions)

    • 9.9 Ozonolysis (1:20)

    • 9.10 Alkylation of Acetylide Ions (2:20)

    • Alkylation of Acetylide Ions (4 Questions)

    • Alkynes Quiz Extra Practice (8 Questions)

  • 11

    Chapter 10 - Radical Reactions

    • Chapter 10 Outlines

    • Chapter 10 Slides

    • 10.1 Introduction to Free Radical Halogenation (4:01)

    • 10.2 Free Radical Chlorination vs Bromination (5:51)

    • 10.3 The Mechanism of Free Radical Halogenation (7:51)

    • 10.4 Allylic and Benzylic Bromination Using NBS (7:13)

    • 10.5 Hydrobromination of Alkenes with Peroxide (4:22)

    • Radical Reactions (9 Questions)

    • Radical Reactions Extra Practice (7 Questions)

  • 12

    Chapter 11 - Synthesis

    • Chapter 11 Outlines

    • Chapter 11 Slides

    • 11.1 Functional Group Conversions (4:18)

    • 11.2 Increasing the Length of the Carbon Skeleton (8:06)

    • 11.3 Decreasing the Length of the Carbon Chain or Opening a Ring (2:42)

    • 11.4a Common Patterns in Synthesis Part 1 (5:24)

    • 11.4b Common Patterns in Synthesis Part 2 (8:50)

    • 11.4c Common Patterns in Synthesis Part 3 (5:20)

    • 11.4d Common Patterns in Synthesis Part 4 (9:45)

  • 13

    Chapter 12 - Alcohols

    • Chapter 12 Outlines

    • Chapter 12 Slides

    • 12.1 Properties and Nomenclature of Alcohols (4:46)

    • Nomenclature of Alcohols (2 Questions)

    • 12.2 Acidity of Alcohols and Phenols (13:07)

    • 12.3a Synthesis of Alcohols; Reduction of Ketones and Aldehydes (8:05)

    • 12.3b Synthesis of Alcohols; Grignard Addition (8:18)

    • 12.4 Protecting Alcohols (5:44)

    • 12.5a Substitution with HCl, HBr, and HI (4:22)

    • 12.5b Substitution with PBr3 and SOCl2 (5:04)

    • 12.5c Formation of Tosylate Esters (3:36)

    • 12.6 Elimination (Dehydration) (3:14)

    • Substitution and Elimination Reactions of Alcohols (10 Questions)

    • 12.7 Oxidation with Chromic Acid and PCC (9:25)

    • Oxidation of Alcohols (7 Questions)

    • Alcohols Extra Practice (7 Questions)

    • 12.8 Patterns in Synthesis (9:00)

  • 14

    Chapter 13 - Ethers, Epoxides, Thiols, and Sulfides

    • Chapter 13 Outlines

    • Chapter 13 Slides

    • 13.1 Introduction to and Nomenclature of Ethers (2:42)

    • 13.2 Crown Ethers (2:02)

    • 13.3 Synthesis and Reactions of Ethers (6:34)

    • Williamson Ether Synthesis (2 Questions)

    • Acidic Cleavage of Ethers (4 Questions)

    • 13.4 Nomenclature of Epoxides (2:59)

    • Nomenclature of Ethers and Epoxides (2 Questions)

    • 13.5 Synthesis of Epoxides (4:09)

    • 13.6 Ring Opening of Epoxides (4:49)

    • Ring-Opening of Epoxides (4 Questions)

    • Ethers and Epoxides Quiz Extra Practice (5 Questions)

    • 13.7 Nomenclature, Synthesis, and Reactions of Thiols (4:37)

    • 13.8 Nomenclature, Synthesis, and Reactions of Sulfides (2:51)

    • 13.9 Patterns in Synthesis (8:38)

  • 15

    Chapter 14 - IR Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry

    • Chapter 14 Outlines

    • Chapter 14 Part 1 Slides - IR Spectroscopy

    • Chapter 14 Part 2 Slides - Mass Spectrometry

    • 14.1 Introduction to IR Spectroscopy (10:56)

    • 14.2a IR Spectra of Carbonyl Compounds (6:27)

    • 14.2b The Effect of Conjugation on the Carbonyl Stretching Frequency (5:57)

    • 14.3 Interpreting More IR Spectra (6:45)

    • IR Spectroscopy (15 Questions)

    • 14.4 Introduction to Mass Spectrometry (6:19)

    • 14.5 Isotope Effects in Mass Spectrometry (6:29)

    • 14.6a Fragmentation Patterns of Alkanes, Alkenes, and Aromatic Compounds (6:19)

    • 14.6b Fragmentation Patterns for Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, and Amines (4:56)

    • 14.6c Fragmentation Patterns for Ketones and Aldehydes (3:45)

  • 16

    Chapter 15 - NMR Spectroscopy

    • Chapter 15 Outlines

    • Chapter 15 Part 1 Slides -- The Number of Signals

    • Chapter 15 Part 1 Slides -- Interpreting NMR

    • 15.1 Introduction to NMR (2:45)

    • 15.2 The Number of Signals in C-13 NMR (4:52)

    • 15.3 The Number of Signals in Proton NMR (10:37)

    • 15.4 Homotopic vs Enantiotopic vs Diastereotopic (10:15)

    • 15.5a The Chemical Shift in C-13 and Proton NMR (8:40)

    • 15.5b The Integration or Area Under the Signal in Proton NMR (1:46)

    • 15.5c The Splitting or Multiplicity in Proton NMR (4:55)

    • 15.6a Interpreting NMR Example 1 (5:10)

    • 15.6b Interpreting NMR Example 2 (7:43)

    • 15.6c Interpreting NMR Example 3 (3:53)

    • 15.6d Structural Determination From All Spectra Example 4 (5:58)

    • 15.6e Structural Determination From All Spectra Example 5 (8:47)

    • 15.7 Complex Splitting (11:42)

    • NMR Spectroscopy (25 Questions)

  • 17

    Chapter 16 - Conjugated Pi Systems

    • Chapter 16 Outlines

    • Chapter 16 Slides Part 1 - Conjugated Pi Systems

    • Chapter 16 Slides Part 2 - Pericyclic Reactions

    • 16.1 Introduction to Conjugated Systems and Heats of Hydrogenation (8:19)

    • 16.2a Introduction to Pi Molecular Orbitals - Ethylene (6:57)

    • 16.2b Pi Molecular Orbitals - 1,3-Butadiene (6:17)

    • 16.2c Pi Molecular Orbitals - the Allyl System (5:14)

    • 16.2d Pi Molecular Orbitals - 1,3,5-Hexatriene (5:30)

    • 16.3 UV-Vis Spectroscopy (1:50)

    • 16.4 Addition Reactions to Conjugated Dienes (10:50)

    • 16.5a Introduction to Diels-Alder Reactions (7:42)

    • 16.5b Stereoselectivity and Regioselectivity in Diels-Alder Reactions (11:58)

    • 16.5c Diels-Alder Reactions with Cyclic Dienes (10:03)

    • 16.5d Conservation of Orbital Symmetry in Diels-Alder Reactions (3:40)

    • Diels-Alder Reactions (6 Questions)

    • 16.6 Cycloaddition Reactions (9:38)

    • 16.7 Electrocyclic Reactions (14:19)

    • 16.8 Sigmatropic Rearrangements (6:14)

  • 18

    Chapter 17 - Aromatic Compounds

    • Chapter 17 Outlines

    • Chapter 17 - Slides

    • 17.1 Nomenclature of Benzenes (9:48)

    • 17.2a Criteria for Aromatic Compounds (5:02)

    • 17.2b Aromatic vs Nonaromatic vs Antiaromatic (15:56)

    • Aromaticity (8 Questions)

    • 17.3 The Effects of Aromaticity on SN1 Reactions and Acidity-Basicity (4:00)

    • Aromaticity Quiz Extra Practice (16 Questions)

    • 17.4 Aromaticity and Molecular Orbital Theory (8:23)

  • 19

    Chapter 18 - Reactions of Aromatic Compounds

    • Chapter 18 Outlines

    • Chapter 18 Slides

    • 18.1 Introduction to Aromatic Substitution Reactions (6:27)

    • 18.2a EAS - Bromination and Chlorination (4:37)

    • 18.2b EAS - Sulfonation and Desulfonation (2:25)

    • 18.2c EAS - Nitration (2:56)

    • 18.2d EAS - Friedel-Crafts Alkylation and Acylation (10:35)

    • 18.2e EAS - Activating and Deactivating Groups and Ortho-Para and Meta Directors (12:07)

    • 18.2f EAS - Predicting the Products of EAS Reactions (5:17)

    • EAS Reactions (24 Questions)

    • 18.3 Catalytic Hydrogenation and the Birch Reduction (2:12)

    • 18.4a Side-Chain Oxidation with Permanganate or Chromic Acid (1:35)

    • 18.4b Benzylic Bromination with NBS (1:15)

    • 18.4c The Clemmensen and Wolff Kishner Reductions (5:12)

    • 18.4d - Side-Chain General Reduction (1:26)

    • Benzene Side-Chain Reactions (8 Questions)

    • 18.5 Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution (6:40)

    • Reactions of Aromatic Compounds Quiz Extra Practice (11 Questions)

    • 18.6 Patterns in Synthesis (14:18)

  • 20

    Chapter 19 - Ketones and Aldehydes

    • Chapter 19 Outlines

    • Chapter 19 Slides

    • 19.1 Nomenclature of Ketones and Aldehydes (5:33)

    • Nomenclature of Ketones and Aldehydes (5 Questions)

    • 19.2 Synthesis of Ketones and Aldehydes (3:15)

    • 19.3 Introduction to Nucleophilic Addition Reactions (6:37)

    • 19.4 Hydration (Addition of Water) (3:06)

    • 19.5a Addition of Alcohols (7:16)

    • Nucleophilic Addition of Water and Alcohols (6 Questions)

    • 19.5b Cyclic Acetals as Protecting Groups (4:25)

    • 19.6a Addition of Primary Amines (Imine Formation) (6:19)

    • 19.6b Addition of Secondary Amines (Enamine Formation) (4:31)

    • Nucleophilic Addition of Amines (5 Questions)

    • 19.6c Mechanism for the Wolff Kishner Reduction (4:45)

    • 19.7 Reduction via Thioacetals (1:16)

    • 19.8 Hydride Reduction Reactions (2:42)

    • 19.9a Addition of Acetylide Ions and Grignard Reagents (1:09)

    • Nucleophilic Addition of Grignard Reagents and Acetylide Ions (10 Questions)

    • 19.9b Addition of HCN (Cyanohydrin Formation) (1:01)

    • 19.9c The Wittig Reaction (5:18)

    • The Wittig Reaction (2 Questions)

    • Aldehydes and Ketones Quiz Extra Practice (12 Questions)

    • 19.10 Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation (2:51)

    • 19.11 Patterns in Synthesis (12:32)

  • 21

    Chapter 20 - Carboxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives

    • Chapter 20 Outlines

    • Chapter 20 Slides

    • 20.1 Introduction to and Physical Properties of Carboyxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives (3:46)

    • 20.2a Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids (2:25)

    • 20.2b Nomenclature of Acid Halides (0:50)

    • 20.2c Nomenclature of Acid Anhydrides (1:20)

    • 20.2d Nomenclature of Esters (1:45)

    • 20.2e Nomenclature of Amides (1:04)

    • 20.2f Nomenclature of Nitriles (0:43)

    • Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives (13 Questions)

    • 20.3 Introduction to Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution (4:08)

    • 20.4 Reaction with Organometallic Reagents (3:27)

    • 20.5 Hydride Reduction (9:45)

    • Reduction Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds (12 Questions)

    • 20.6 Interconversion of Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives (6:58)

    • 20.7 The Mechanisms of Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution (7:51)

    • 20.8a Synthesis of Acid Halides (3:33)

    • 20.8b Reactions of Acid Halides (3:24)

    • 20.9 Synthesis and Reactions of Acid Anhydrides (2:41)

    • 20.10a Synthesis of Esters (6:00)

    • 20.10b Reactions of Esters (5:06)

    • 20.11 Synthesis and Reactions of Carboxylic Acids (5:51)

    • 20.12 Synthesis and Reactions of Amides (1:53)

    • 20.13 Synthesis and Reactions of Nitriles (3:31)

    • Reactions of Carboxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives (13 Questions)

    • Carboxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives Quiz Extra Practice (10 Questions)

    • 20.14 Patterns in Synthesis (9:16)

  • 22

    Chapter 21 - Substitution Reactions at the Alpha Carbon

    • Chapter 21 Outlines

    • Chapter 21 Slides

    • 21.1 Acidity of the Alpha Hydrogen

    • Acidity of the Alpha Hydrogen (3 Questions)

    • 21.2 General Mechanisms of Alpha Substitution Reactions

    • 21.3a Alpha Halogenation

    • 21.3b The Haloform Reaction

    • 21.3c The HVZ Reaction

    • Alpha Halogenation (3 Questions)

    • 21.4a Alpha Alkylation

    • 21.4b The Stork Synthesis

    • Alpha Alkylation (2 Questions)

    • 21.5a Introduction to Aldol Reactions

    • 21.5b Mechanisms of Aldol Reactions

    • 21.5c Mixed Aldol Reactions

    • 21.5d Intramolecular Aldol Reactions

    • Aldol Reactions (4 Questions)

    • 21.6a Claisen Condensation Reactions

    • 21.6b Dieckmann Condensation Reactions

    • Claisen Condensations (3 Questions)

    • 21.7a Beta-Decarboxylation

    • Alpha Substitution Quiz Extra Practice (10 Questions)

    • 21.7b The Malonic Ester Synthesis

    • 21.7c The Acetoacetic Ester Synthesis

    • Malonic Ester and Acetoacetic Ester Syntheses (4 Questions)

    • 21.8 Michael Reactions

    • Michael Reactions (1 Question)

    • 21.9 The Robinson Annulation

    • 21.10 Patterns in Synthesis

  • 23

    Chapter 22 - Amines

    • Chapter 22 Outlines

    • Chapter 22 Slides

    • 22.1 Classification of Amines (2:15)

    • 22.2 Nomenclature of Amines (4:15)

    • 22.3 Basicity of Amines (2:18)

    • 22.4a Synthesis of Amines - Reduction (1:56)

    • 22.4b Synthesis of Amines - Hofmann Rearrangement (3:07)

    • 22.4c Synthesis of Amines - Curtius Rearrangement and Schmidt Reaction (2:07)

    • 22.4d Synthesis of Amines - Gabriel Synthesis (4:08)

    • 22.4e Synthesis of Amines - Reductive Amination (1:50)

    • 22.5 Acylation (0:58)

    • 22.6 Hofmann Elimination (3:59)

    • 22.7 Cope Elimination (1:04)

    • 22.8a Reaction with Nitrous Acid and the Sandmeyer Reactions (1:59)

    • 22.8b Azo Coupling (1:17)

    • 22.9 EAS Reactions with Nitrogen Heterocycles (2:18)

    • 22.10 Patterns in Synthesis (9:57)

    • Amines Quiz Extra Practice (5 Questions)

  • 24

    Practice Final Exams

    • Practice Final Exam #1 (50 Questions)

    • Practice Final Exam #2 (50 Questions)

    • Practice Final Exam #3 (50 Questions)

  • 25

    Outlines (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • Organic Chemistry 1 and 2 Complete Outlines

  • 26

    Chapter 1 - Molecular Structure and Bonding (Previous Version--Being phased out)

  • 27

    Chapter 2 - Acids and Bases (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 2 Acids and Bases (32:00)

    • Copy of Acids and Bases Quiz Extra Practice (15 Questions)

    • Copy of Acids and Bases (17 Questions)

  • 28

    Chapter 3 - Nomenclature (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 3 Nomenclature (38:23)

    • Copy of Nomenclature (12 Questions)

  • 29

    Chapter 4 - Alkanes (Previous Version--Being phased out)

  • 30

    Chapter 5 - Isomers and Stereochemistry (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 5.1 Introduction to Isomers (14:37)

    • 5.2 Relative and Absolute Configurations of Chiral Centers (20:44)

    • Copy of Absolute Configurations (4 Questions)

    • 5.3 Diastereomers and Meso Compounds (24:06)

    • Copy of Introduction to Isomers and Stereochemistry (6 Questions)

    • Copy of Isomeric Relationships Between Molecules (12 Questions)

    • 5.4 Atypical Examples in Stereochemistry (12:55)

    • A Little Help

  • 31

    Chapter 6 - Introduction to Organic Reactions (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 6 Introduction to Organic Reactions (14:10)

  • 32

    Chapter 7 - Alkenes (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 7.1 Nomenclature of Alkenes (6:05)

    • 7.2 Introduction to Electrophilic Addition (16:07)

    • 7.3 Addition of HBr, HCl, and HI (10:53)

    • Copy of Hydrohalogenation (7 Questions)

    • 7.4 Acid-Catalyzed Addition of Water and Alcohols (15:36)

    • 7.5 Additon of Br2 (and Cl2) (13:48)

    • Copy of Addition of Br2 and Cl2 (7 Questions)

    • 7.6 Oxymercuration-Demercuration and Hydroboration-Oxidation (13:45)

    • Copy of Hydration of Alkenes (6 Questions)

    • Copy of Addition of Alcohols (3 Questions)

    • 7.7 Catalytic Hydrogenation and Addition of HBr with Peroxide (10:38)

    • Copy of Catalytic Hydrogenation (2 Questions)

    • 7.8 Epoxidation, Hydroxylation (Anti and Syn), and Addition of Carbenes (8:09)

    • Copy of Epoxidation and Dihydroxylation (5 Questions)

    • 7.9 Ozonolysis (4:21)

    • Copy of Oxidative Cleavage (4 Questions)

    • Copy of Alkenes Quiz Extra Practice (20 Questions)

  • 33

    Chapter 8 - Alkynes (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 8.1 Structure, Nomenclature, and Acidity of Alkynes (8:31)

    • Copy of Nomenclature of Alkynes (2 Questions)

    • Copy of Acidity of Alkynes (2 Questions)

    • 8.2 Synthesis of Alkynes (11:36)

    • 8.3 Addition of H2, HBr, Br2, and H2O to Alkynes (14:39)

    • Copy of Reduction of Alkynes (5 Questions)

    • Copy of Hydrohalogenation (5 Questions)

    • Copy of Halogenation (2 Questions)

    • Copy of Hydration of Alkynes (3 Questions)

    • 8.4 Nucleophilic Addition of Acetylide Ions (8:59)

    • Copy of Alkylation of Acetylide Ions (4 Questions)

    • Copy of Alkynes Quiz Extra Practice (8 Questions)

  • 34

    Chapter 9 - Conjugated Systems (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 9.1 Addition Reactions to Conjugated Dienes (Thermodynamic vs Kinetic Products) (16:42)

    • 9.2 Pi Molecular Orbitals (35:06)

    • 9.3 Diels-Alder Reactions (31:48)

    • Copy of Diels-Alder Reactions (6 Questions)

  • 35

    Chapter 10 - Substitution Reactions (Reactions of Alkyl Halides Part 1) (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 10.1 SN1 and SN2 Reactions Part 1 (28:40)

    • 10.2 SN1 and SN2 Reactions Part 2 (26:00)

    • Copy of Substitution Reactions (18 Questions)

  • 36

    Chapter 11 - Elimination Reactions (Reactions of Alkyl Halides Part 2) (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 11.1 E1 and E2 Reactions (34:44)

    • Copy of Elimination Reactions (9 Questions)

    • 11.2 Distinguishing between SN1, SN2, E1, and E2 Reactions (13:00)

    • Copy of Distinguishing Between Substitution and Elimination Reactions (6 Questions)

    • Substitution and Elimination Extra Practice (14 Questions)

  • 37

    Chapter 12 - Radical Reactions (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 12.1 Free Radical Halogenation (23:23)

    • Copy of Radical Reactions (9 Questions)

    • Copy of Radical Reactions Extra Practice (7 Questions)

    • 12.2 Alkene Addition of HBr with Peroxide (6:29)

  • 38

    Chapter 13 - Mass Spectrometry (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 13.1 Fragmentation Patterns (36:41)

    • 13.2 Interpreting Mass Spectra (16:49)

  • 39

    Chapter 14 - IR Spectroscopy (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 14.1 Introduction to IR Spectroscopy (12:14)

    • 14.2 Interpreting IR Spectra (17:48)

    • Copy of IR Spectroscopy (15 Questions)

    • IR Spectroscopy Quiz Extra Practice (10 Questions)

  • 40

    Chapter 15 - NMR Spectroscopy (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 15.1 Introduction to NMR Spectroscopy (10:20)

    • 15.2 C13 NMR (12:17)

    • 15.3 The Number of Signals in Proton NMR (H NMR) (13:24)

    • 15.4 Integration and Multiplicity (Splitting) in Proton NMR (21:36)

    • 15.5 Interpreting NMR Spectra (17:12)

    • 15.6 Interpreting the Combination of All Spectra (14:27)

    • Copy of NMR Spectroscopy (25 Questions)

  • 41

    Chapter 16 - Alcohols, Ethers, and Epoxides (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 16.1 Nomenclature and Acidity of Alcohols (18:04)

    • Copy of Nomenclature of Alcohols (2 Questions)

    • 16.2 Substitution Reactions of Alcohols (16:45)

    • 16.3 Elimination (Dehydration) Reactions of Alcohols (9:59)

    • Copy of Substitution and Elimination Reactions of Alcohols (10 Questions)

    • 16.4 Oxidation of Alcohols (5:01)

    • Copy of Oxidation of Alcohols (7 Questions)

    • 16.5 Grignard Reagents (21:11)

    • 16.6 Retrosynthesis with Grignard Reagents and Acetylide Ions (23:16)

    • Copy of Alcohols Extra Practice (7 Questions)

    • 16.7 Nomenclature of Ethers and Epoxides (5:07)

    • Copy of Nomenclature of Ethers and Epoxides (2 Questions)

    • 16.8 Synthesis and Reactions of Ethers and Epoxides (20:06)

    • Copy of Williamson Ether Synthesis (2 Questions)

    • Copy of Acidic Cleavage of Ethers (4 Questions)

    • Copy of Ring-Opening of Epoxides (4 Questions)

    • Copy of Ethers and Epoxides Quiz Extra Practice (5 Questions)

  • 42

    Chapter 17 - Aromatic Compounds (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 17.1 Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds (6:46)

    • 17.2 Aromaticity (27:57)

    • Copy of Aromaticity (8 Questions)

    • Copy of Aromaticity Quiz Extra Practice (16 Questions)

    • 17.3 Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution (EAS) Reactions (36:03)

    • 17.4 EAS Reactions of Substituted Benzenes (25:13)

    • Copy of EAS Reactions (24 Questions)

    • 17.5 Benzene Side Chain Reactions (11:50)

    • Copy of Benzene Side-Chain Reactions (8 Questions)

    • 17.6 Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution (NAS) Reactions (10:07)

    • 17.7 Reactions of Non-benzenoid Aromatics (20:39)

    • Copy of Reactions of Aromatic Compounds Quiz Extra Practice (11 Questions)

  • 43

    Chapter 18 - Ketones and Aldehydes (Nucleophilic Addition) (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 18.1 Nomenclature and Synthesis of Ketones and Aldehydes (18:18)

    • Copy of Nomenclature of Ketones and Aldehydes (5 Questions)

    • 18.2 Reduction Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds (17:49)

    • 18.3 Nucleophilic Addition of Acetylides and Grignard Reagents (10:08)

    • Copy of Nucleophilic Addition of Grignard Reagents and Acetylide Ions (10 Questions)

    • 18.4 Nucleophilic Addition of Amines (Formation of Imines and Enamines) (8:52)

    • Copy of Nucleophilic Addition of Amines (5 Questions)

    • 18.5 Nucleophilic Addition of Water and Alcohols (Formation of Hydrates and Acetals-Ketals) (13:33)

    • Copy of Nucleophilic Addition of Water and Alcohols (6 Questions)

    • 18.6 Addition to Conjugated Ketones and Aldehydes (7:16)

    • Addition to Conjugated Ketones and Aldehydes (1 Question)

    • 18.7 The Wittig Reaction (6:16)

    • Copy of The Wittig Reaction (2 Questions)

    • Copy of Aldehydes and Ketones Quiz Extra Practice (12 Questions)

  • 44

    Chapter 19 - Carboxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives (Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution) (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 19.1 Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives (17:47)

    • Copy of Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives (13 Questions)

    • 19.2 Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids (14:36)

    • 19.3 Nuceophilic Acyl Substitution and Trends in Reactivity (24:27)

    • 19.4 Mechanisms of Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Reactions (26:04)

    • Copy of Reactions of Carboxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives (13 Questions)

    • 19.5 Gabriel and Baeyer-Villiger Syntheses (8:18)

    • Copy of Carboxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives Quiz Extra Practice (10 Questions)

  • 45

    Chapter 20 - Substitution Reactions at the Alpha Carbon (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 20.1 Acidity of the Alpha Carbon (15:24)

    • Copy of Acidity of the Alpha Hydrogen (3 Questions)

    • 20.2 Alpha Halogenation (12:41)

    • Copy of Alpha Halogenation (3 Questions)

    • 20.3 Alpha Alkylation and the Michael Reaction (15:53)

    • Copy of Alpha Alkylation (2 Questions)

    • 20.4 Aldol Condensation Reactions (15:55)

    • 20.5 Mechanisms of Aldol Condensation Reactions (15:13)

    • Copy of Aldol Reactions (4 Questions)

    • 20.6 The Robinson Annulation (7:48)

    • 20.7 Claisen Condensation Reactions (12:40)

    • Copy of Claisen Condensations (3 Questions)

    • 20.8 Beta Decarboxylation and the Malonic Ester and Acetoacetic Ester Syntheses (13:45)

    • Copy of Malonic Ester and Acetoacetic Ester Syntheses (4 Questions)

    • Copy of Alpha Substitution Quiz Extra Practice (10 Questions)

  • 46

    Chapter 21 - Amines (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 21.1 Nomenclature and Basicity of Amines (11:49)

    • Nomenclature of Amines (4 Questions)

    • 21.2 Synthesis of Amines (19:15)

    • 21.3 Reactions of Amines (24:19)

    • Reactions of Amines (6 Questions)

    • 21.4 Amino Acids (16:11)

    • Amines Quiz Extra Practice (5 Questions)

  • 47

    Chapter 22 - Carbon-Carbon Coupling Reactions (Less Common Organometallics) (Previous Version--Being phased out)

    • 22.1 Carbon-Carbon Coupling Reactions (10:34)